Developement StoriesDistrict Rural Development Agency
Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (S.G.S.Y)
Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and its allied programmes, which were implemented by DRDA, have now been restructured and a new programme named "Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna (S.G.S.Y) has been launched w.e.f. Ist April 1999 by the Govt. of India . To begin with , the IRDP was the only self employment programme along with Training of Rural Youth for self-employment (TRYSEM) which was started on 2nd October, 1980 in the country. A number of allied programmes were added later on such as Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas(DWCRA), Supply of Improved Tool Kits to the Rural Artisans (SITRA), Ganga Kalyan Yojna(GKY) and Million Wells Scheme (MWS). All these programmes have been merged in the new programme SGSY. The programme will be funded by Govt. of India and State Govt. on 75:25 basis
Swaranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) aims at establishing a large number of micro enterprises in rural areas, building upon the potential of the rural poor. It is rooted in the belief that rural poor in India have competence and given the right support they can be successful producers of valuable goods/services. The assisted families may be individuals or groups. Emphasis will be on group approach. The target group under the scheme will be the families living below the poverty line in rural areas, a survey of which will be conducted and the lists of such families will be prepared and maintained at the block level. Block Dev. & Panchayat Officer (BDPO) will be the nodal officer under the scheme. The selection of beneficiaries will be done at the block level by a committee consisting of BDPO, Bank Manager and village Sarpanch, out of the list of applicants prepared by the Gram Sabha. The bank manager is mainly responsible for the selection of beneficiaries.
Credit assistance is provided by the banks to the selected beneficiaries on the basis of Unit costs fixed. The unit costs have been prepared from the project profiles prepared by the line departments. Subsidy under SGSY is given to the beneficiaries which will be uniform at 30% of the project cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 7500/-. In respect of SC/STs and handicapped beneficiaries , subsidy is 50% subject to maximum limit of Rs. 10,000/-. For groups the subsidy is 50% subject to ceiling of Rs. 1.25 lacs. There will be no monetary limit of subsidy for irrigation projects. Subsidy will be back-ended.
There will a provision of training for the beneficiaries who are called swarozgaries under the new scheme. Two days orientation training has been prescribed for all the swarozgaries before getting assistance. The training will be imparted by the line departments along with banks & development functionaries. A skill upgradation training can also be arranged for these swarozgaries through institutions.
The main thrust of the programme is the involvement of panchayati raj institutions in the process. Voluntary organisations are also to be involved in the process.
SGSY will provide for promotion of marketing of goods produced by the SGSY swarozgaries. This would involve providing market intelligence, consultancy services and development of markets. 75% of the assistance should be given to groups/clusters. A few activities are to be selected in each block which have potential and can provide a sufficient income to the swarozgaries so as to raise them above the poverty line. Infrastructural assistance is also provided so as to develop the missing links in the creation of market to the products of swarozgaries and providing other forward and backward linkages.
During the year 200-2003,it has been planned to assist 100 individual Swarozgaries and30 self help group to whom credit to the tune of Rs.110.00 Lacks would be provided which include Rs. 43.00 lacs as subsidy component. Up to the end of Oct. 2002,. As many as113 Swarozgaries have been assisted which include 77 members of 7 Group. Total credit assistance of RS. 26.51 lacs has been provided which include11.64 lacs as subsidy component.
6-8 activities have been selected as key activities in each block in the district. Clusters of villages have been formed according to the activities. Beneficiaries were identified from the clusters. Training for the implementation of the new programme of SGSY was arranged in Zila Parishad for the Govt. officials, bank officers and other field functionaries involved in the programme. The requisite material and brochures were delivered. Block and district level SGSY Committees were formed to review the programme and a Vigilance and Monitoring Committee has been constituted at district level to check the proper utilisation of funds/grants.Zila Parishad
Employment Assurance Scheme( EAS)
The Employment Assurance Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme. Funds for this programme are shared in the ratio of 75:25 between Centre and State Govt. The primary objective of the EAS scheme. is creation of additional wage employment and secondary objective is creation of durable community, social and economic assets in rural areas. EAS is an employment generation scheme. Only those projects are to be taken up in which 60% of the expenditure is incurred on wage. In case the expenditure on material exceeds, it should be contributed from other sectoral programmes or from contributions /donations. Work is executed on muster roll. Major schemes implemented during 2001-2002 by the departments are construction of approach roads, drainage of sullage water, construction of community buildings, afforestation, soil conservation and water preservation. From the year 2001-2002, 70% funds are given to panchayat samities on the basis of population and 30% to Zila Parishad. Schemes are prepared by the Zila Parishad and implemented by the concerned departments. An amount of Rs.111.98 lacs was received during the year 2001-2002 from Govt. of India and State Govt. Out of which an amount of Rs. 111.98 lacs has been released to departments/panchayats.
An amount of Rs. 88.48 lacs has been received during the year2002-2003 under EAS Schemes Rs 82.10 lacs has been released to panchayat samities/departments.
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana(JGSY)
During the seventh five year plan, Two wage employment programmes viz National Rural Employment Programme(NREP) and Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme( RLEGP) were in operation in the country from April, 1999. Both these programmes were merged into a single rural employment programme known as Jawahar Rozgar Yojana( JRY). In the contest of new economic policy it was felt necessary to continue JRY programme as the largest single programme during the 8th five year plan period in the country. From the year 1999-2000, it was renamed as Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana.
The objective of the programme is to generate additional employment for the unemployment persons both men and women in rural areas and create durable assets. Preference will be given to the SC/ST families and freed bonded labourers for employment under the scheme. Funds are released by the Govt. of India and State Govt. on 75:25 ratio.
During the year 2001-2002 , an amount of Rs. 120.2 lacs was available, out of which Rs. 84.43 lacs disbursed among panchayats on the basis of population as prescribed in the guidelines. An amount of Rs.83.82 lacs has been received during the year 2002-2003, out of which 67.80 lacs has been released.
Indira Awaas Yojana(IAY)
Housing is the basic requirement for human survival. Construction of houses for the poor is one of the major activities of the Govt. of India. The objective of IAY is to help construction of dwelling units for the rural poor. Families below poverty line is the target group , SCs and freed bonded labourers are to be given priority.
An amount of Rs. 22,000/- is given in the kandi region to each family for the construction of a house, a sanitary latrine and smokeless chullah. The amount of grant is 20,000/- in the plain area. The amount of grant-in-aid is shared by the Govt. of India and the State Govt. in 75:25 ratio.
An amount of Rs.57.41 lacs was received during 2001-2002 in the district. The total amount was released to the houseless families. The characteristic feature of the scheme is that the house constructed under IAY should either be in the name of the women member or jointly with the male member.
An amount of Rs. 58.13 lacs have been received during 2002-2003, out of which Rs. 33.35 lacs hsas been already released to panchayats through the BDPOs.
Upgradation Of Houses Under(IAY)
An amount of Rs. 10,000/- is given to a family who does not have a pucca house or a house which is not worth living. The amount is provided to upgrade, renovate and providing rural latrine and smokeless chullah. Grant in aid of Rs. 12.08 lacs received during 1999-2000 has been distributed to the families. An amount of Rs. 6.04 lacs has been received recently. Proposals are being obtained.ZSS, Hoshiarpur- Sakharta Activities At A Glance
Hoshiarpur and Faridkot were the first two districts which were selected for undertaking Sakharta activities under " Total Literacy Campaign " in the state of Punjab. Out district excelled in all fields of Sakharta Campaign and out of 1,10,501 identified learners, 77,000 sustained learning and finally 70,000 illiterates completed three primers and qualified the norms fixed by the NLM. The External Evaluation of Total Literacy Campaign was conducted by the Director, Regional Resource Centre, Punjab University, Chandigarh. Our achievements were assessed 62.25 %.
After the completion of hectic activities of Total Literacy Campaign on 31.7.95, we immediately started " Post Literacy Campaign" w.e.f. 1.8.95 with no gap. 70,000 neo-literates were identified as learners for Post Literacy Campaign. During the Post Literacy Campaign, the emphasis was on Health and Hygiene awareness, gender equity, Socio-economic development activities: their convergence at grass root level and involvement of people in cleanliness and tree plantation drive. Medical Checkup camps were held with the help of Health Department and people were provided medical facilities at their door step. Similarly, "One week- One Department" programmes were very successful and besides gaining latest knowledge about facilities available in various development departments, the farmer interacted with authorities and its expertise about their problems. Cleanliness and tree plantation drives became the movement of the people. Our achievements during PLC have been evaluated by " UTHAN" an Institute of Development and Studies, Yamuna Nagar and they have graded our success more than 75%.
To compliment the aspirations of any army of neo-literates and thousand of volunteers and activists, we plan to focus our attention on all these activities in an elaborate way and have decided to cross the stages from learning-teaching process to self-guided learning by way of newly sanctioned Continuing Education Scheme.
Continuing Education Scheme was started w.e.f. 1.12.97, funds to the tune of Rs. 1,09,21,000/- were sanctioned for four months ( year1997-98). ZSS Hoshiarpur went ahead by starting continuing Education activities immediately i.e. setting up of Centres and Nodal centres, appointments of Preraks and Nodal Preraks, formation of various committees to decentralise power and render the project a democratic look. A workshop of district officers was also held at district headquarter and meetings of Executive Committee, Academic Committee, Environment Building etc. were also held. Despite the fact that ban on spending of expenditure has been imposed by NLM due to non supply of undertaking by Punjab Govt., we are still continuing the activities by tapping various sources and managing funds.
The department of Family Welfare, Govt. of India , now feels that despite implementing a large IEC ( Information, Education and Communication) programme under which extensive use of media units like Doordarshan, AIR etc. is being made has not brought forth fruitful results in the section of society who have no access to these media. This section of society requires the persuasive efforts. It is , in this context that services of the ZSS are being secured to mobilize toward canvassing for Reproductive and Child Health Care. They feel that the effectiveness of communication of the message would improve through this agency. It has, therefore, been linked up with Sakharta through ZSS, to take responsibility for creating awareness in this segment of population who are poor , illiterate and economically -socially weak people.
The Punjab govt. had supply the requisite under taking to the Govt. of India on25-5-2001 in which it took responsible to implement the activities as envisaged in the scheme. The Govt. of India has allowed it spend grant on activities of continuing Edu. programme vide letter no. F.43-51/97-AE. 6/8/4 dated 18/3/03. Recruitment of Noda Preraks and Preraks in being done at sub divisional level. We hope to implement the scheme of continuing Education in the Distict Very soon.
Awareness camps are being arranged on week ends.Horticulture
The Department of Horticulture, Punjab mainly deals with the cultivation, processing and marketing of fruits, vegetables, flowers, mushroom cultivation and sericulture ( Silk Worm rearing). The Department also produces quality nursery plants of fruits and ornamentals., quality seeds of different vegetable crops, mushroom spawn, mushroom compost and processing of the fruits and vegetables into various forms like squashes, jams, jellies, pickles etc.
Out of 2,05,332 Hect. the total cultivated area of the Hoshiarpur district, about 5261.9 hectares area is under fruit plants and 26354 hectares under different vegetables and about 24.4 hectares area under floriculture. Major fruits grown in the district are Kinnow, Mango, Peach, litchi, pear, Guava etc. and among the vegetables Potato has the major share followed by Peas, cauliflower, tomato, cabbage, brinjal etc. Under floriculture marigold , annual chrysanthemum and goadieli are grown.
For supplying healthy, true to type and disease free fruits plants to the growers, the Department has three gardens and nurseries situated at Khiala Bulanda 45 acre area, Bhunga 49 acre and Chauni Kalan 25 acres. These nurseries produce about 2.50 lacs fruit plants every year. Besides, these nurseries , the department has a Govt. Potato Seed Farm situated at Khanoura (159 Acres). This farm produces quality seeds of potato, Peas, Bhindi, radish etc. and the seed is distributed to the farmers at reasonable rates. The department has a Govt. Fruit Preservation Laboratory and community canning centre. at Chauni Kalan which apart from imparting training to the people in fruit and vegetable processing manufactures various fruit products like squash, jams, pickles, sauces etc. and sells it to the people at no profit -no loss basis through departmental network. The laboraty produces about 24000 bottels of diff. fruits product The department has a Govt. pastuerised mushroom compost unit and
spawn production laboratory in Chauni Kalan which is the only of its type in the State of Punjab. This unit gives spawned mushroom compost to the farmers for the cultivation of mushrooms.
With the aid of highly qualified personnel and the best establishment , the department apart from providing technical know-how provides quality fruit plants, vegetable seeds, mushroom compost and spawn and squashes etc. to the farmers at a reasonable rates. With the help of District Planning & Dev. Board, the department provides 50% subsidy on various farm inputs, i.e. spray equipment, barbed wire, hybrid vegetable seeds etc.
This District is known for the cultivation and distant marketing of Kinnow fruit. It also leads in mango production. This district also leads in early cultivation of potato , kufri chandermukhi which is harvested in the first week of November and is sold at premium prices.
The actual area under different fruit plants in the Hoshiarpur District is as under:-
The Forest Area of Hoshiarpur District is 1,40,000 Hectares or about 40% of the total area. Most of the area lies in the Kandi belt of Shivalik hills which are sub mountainous with undulating terrain of 1000-2000 ft above sea-level. This tract is characterized by seasonal hilly torrents ( locally called as choes) which carry a lot of silt due to heavy soil erosion. The soil is generally sandy to sandy loam with steep slopes and often precipitous. The average annual rainfall is around 1000 mm , which is received mostly in monsoon between July to September.
The most serious problems facing Shivalik region are the degradation due to choes and resulting erosion and siltation problems.Area covered by choes was 29,282 ha in 1952, 32622 ha in 1984, 37730 ha in1987 and about 60000 ha in 1990. After the floods of September 1998, about 50000 ha of farm lands were covered by sand deposits.
In order to reverse the environmental degradation of the shivaliks, various external aided projects funded by the World Bank , Japan Bank of International Commerce (JBIC) in addition to Central and State Government schemes for afforestation programmes have been taken up in a large scale. These projects have broader objectives to bridge the gap between demand and supply of Forest products, to increase the forest cover by planting on available wastelands, to improve the stocking and productivity of forests through extensive soil and water conservation measures and plantations and also income generating activities to reduce dependency on forests through Joint Forest Management and people's participation.
Various plantation models such as enrichment planting in existing forest areas, plantation on degraded forest lands, vegetative shrub barriers in trenches, silvipasture and bamboo plantations are taken up extensively. The plantation areas have been worked in advance for soil and water conservation measures through vegetative , mechanical and bio-engineering measures such as Babbar grass planting, Single line, double line vegetative spur planting all along the choe banks to prevent the stream bank erosion and choe widening, staggered and continuous trenches, dry stone check dams, Brushwood Check Dams, Crate wire structures and planting live hedges along choe bundhs. This kind of integrated approach will help to reduce soil erosion and flood damages and increase the overall productivity of shivalik area.Distribution Of Essential Commodities
In this district , Distribution of Essential Commodities is done through Cooperative Societies and Panchayat Nominees/Private Depot Holders. There are 21 Punsup Whole Sale Centres which do the distribution work as a whole sale agencies for further distribution to 726 Fair Price Shops (Urban 144 and Rural 582). There is also 1 Punsup Show Room cum Ration Card Depot in the District.
There are 62477 and 260988 card holders in Urban and Rural Area respectively. The distribution work is closely monitored. The detail of Licences is given below:
Punjab State Tubewell Corporation
Punjab State Tubewell Corporation is in the service of the farmers since its inception i.e. 1970 and is playing vital role in providing basic input of irrigation water and thus boosting the agricultural productivity of the State by way of constructing water courses lining and installing deep tubewells. In District Hoshiarpur , Kapurthala ,Ropar, Nawanshehar, Jalandhar, Amritsar and Gurdaspur Tubewell Water supply is provided. PSTC is installing deep tubewells in such areas where there is no means of irrigation water and installation of such Tubewells is beyond the capacity of the individual farmer, water table being very deep due to semi-hilly area i.e. Kandi area. Non-kandi areas also have deep tubewells. At present no new construction work is going on due to paucity of funds faced by PSTC and denial of financing institutions to fund the new projects in view of free water and power supply. As such Hoshiarpur Tubewell Circle , PSTC limited, Hoshiarpur is carrying out repair and maintenance work of tubewells already installed under different schemes. Presently 420. tubewells (including World Bank T/wells) are in operation under this Circle which are under the charge of Operations & Maintenance Division, PSTC Ltd. Hoshiarpur and T/Well Construction Division L/F, PSTC Ltd. Hoshiarpur. Out of 420 tubewells 364 tubewells fall in district Hoshiarpur i.e. 233 tubewell in kandi area and 131 tubewells in non kandi area. With the working of 364 tubewells 56875 acres land has come under irrigation, with the result the agricultureproductivity has been increased.
In addition 56 tubewells i.e. 55 tubewells in Kandi area and one tubewell in Non Kandi area falls in District Nawanshehar. Two tubewells at village Mangupur and Torowal of Saroya Block are yet to be energized. In addition to above, there are 15 problematic( non-functional ) tubewells and revival chances of the same are very dim.Kandi Area Development Projects
The area along with the Shivalik Foothills on the left side of Pathankot- Chandigarh road in Distt. Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Ropar and Patiala is known as Kandi Area. Due to steep slopes, this area is infested by choes causing Flash-floods which in turn damage crops.
Punjab Govt. with the help of World Bank prepared an ambitious programme of Dev. of Kandi Area by harnessing the choes for flood protection and to provide irrigation to the area which is mostly dependedon rains.
For the above purposes, 36 sites for constructions of Dams were identified and investigation carried out. Out of these 25 sites fall inHoshiarpur District. alone, of which 3 namely Dholbaha, Janauri and Maili have been completed in the Ist phase. In second phase programme of World Bank ( from 1990-91 to 1995-96 and extended up to July 1998) there are in total 13 dams out of which 9 dams for construction and 4 dams for investigation. Out of which 6 dams have been completed and one dam is under construction. Patiari Dam is going to be taken up very soon and theinvestigation of Thana Dam has also been completed. The investigation ofother four dams is being carried out . With the construction of these dams large area has been benefitted, visualized in the projects such as flood protection and provision of irrigation facilities and recharging of ground
water etc. Salient features of dams along with benefits are given as under:
The prestigious Kandi Canal off -taking from Mukerian Hydel channel near Talwara with its tail near Balachaur running along the foot hills of Shivalik range has been completed up to 59.500 K.M. for extending irrigation facilities exclusively in kandi area in Hoshiarpur District. The total proposed length of kandi canal is about 130 KM. and its maximum capacity at Head is 500 cusecs. The project was planned in two stages, Stage -I of the canal has been completed during 7/98 up to 59.500 KM from Talwara to Hoshiarpur where as Stage No II will be about 70.05 K.M longfrom Hoshiarpur to Balachaur.
Cooperation is a service to the needy constituted essentially for the upliftment of comparatively under privileged sections of the society.
The main thrust of the department is to arrange agriculture finance to the rural masses in the shape of cash, fertilizer, insecticides and agricultural implements etc. through a net work of village Agricultural Cooperative Societies. The department is also playing a specific role for bringing white revolution through 417 Milk Producer Societies. Besides advancing short-term loans, medium term loans are also advanced through four Primary Agri. Development Banks in the district located at Garhshanker, Hoshiarpur, Dasuya and Mukerian. There are two chilling centres of Milk Plant at Dasuya and Padrana. In order to have proper benefits 29302 members are supplying milk to these chilling centres. Total business turn over of milk produced for the year 2001-02 was to the tune of Rs. 3610.15 lacs.
Co-operative loans are advanced to the members in the village through the agency of Central Cooperative Bank Ltd. Hoshiarpur which has its 65 branches spread in the whole district, the recovery work of their loans as on 31.3.02 is 87.7% whereas it was 83.05% on 28.2.97. The assigned target of advancement of loan for short term is as under:
There are 950 societies in total out of which 295 societies are service societies, 417 societies are Milk products societies, 21 Cooperative house building societies, 39 Labour and construction societies,39 thrift credit societies, 5 Transport societies, 5 Primary Agriculture Development Bank, One Disst. Level Central Cooperative bank 92 industrial co operative societies.
To provide more services to the masses , the Central Cooperative Bank Hoshiarpur has started advancing loans to the non-farm sector. The Primary Agricultural Societies are also distributing essential commodities and total sale of commodities stands at 315 lacs during the year 2001-02 The movement in Hoshiarpur has not lagged behind in improving the economic and social conditions of the poorest and backward area of Hoshiarpur . Similarly, on the Industrial point weavers societies are producing cloth entirely utilized by the rural masses and the business turn over during the year 2001-02 was to the tune of Rs. 408.72 lacs. In the district there are two offices of Assistant Registrars located at Dasuya and Hoshiarpur accompanied by one office of the Deputy Registrar, at District headquarter to control the whole movement of cooperation administratively.
In addition to above, Integrated Cooperative Development Project has been sponsored by N.C.D.C. for the betterment of Cooperative movement.Drainage Works
At present there are 38 major choes in the District Hoshiarpur , out of which 7 choes namely Nasrala choe, Mehangerwal choe,Mehlanwali choe, Arniala choe, Gambowal choe and Dasuya langerpur choe of about 160 km length have been canalized. The other about 600 km are still to be canalized. River Beas falls in this District having a length about 50 km from D/S Mirthala Bridge to village Rarah Tahli. Kali Bein with a length of 34 km passed in district Hoshiarpur. 51 drains 180 km long fall in Tehsil Dasuya and Mukerian.Animal Husbandry Department
Animal Husbandry Department Hoshiarpur is providing health care and breeding services to the cattle population of Distt. Hoshiarpur. The department is headed by Deputy Director who is assisted by two Assistant Directors with headquarter at Hoshiarpur controlling all the veterinary services in the district. At sub division level, Senior Veterinary Officers supervise the working of the veterinary institutions. The department has vast infrastructure of 93 hospitals and 91 dispensaries. It is vigorously pursuing crossbreeding programme to improve the local cattle population with the exotic blood. Prophylactic vaccinations are given against various contagious diseases, such as Haemoffhagic Septicaemia, Foot and Mouth disease, Rinderpest, Black Quarter and other contagious diseases at appropriate time every year. At District Headquarter, there is one polyclinic. At Veterinary Polyclinic, specialized treatment for Surgical, Medicinal and Gynaecological cases for all kinds of animals is available round the clock and there is also facility for x-ray, Laboratory tests and other diagnostic tests for various Gynaecological ailments including Sterility. In addition, specialized veterinary aid is also provided at Cattle Welfare Camps, which are organized twice a month by the department in remote areas of the District.
To provide better disease diagnostic facilities, eight block level laboratories are working in the district in addition to one central laboratory at Veterinary Polyclinic Hoshiarpur. The department also provides various facilities to the farmers under Fodder Development Schemes. The farmers are supplied superior quality seeds. Registered farmers are provided seeds at subsidized rates and the seeds produced by the them are purchased by the department. Camps are organized at Block & District level to acquaint the farmers with the
various types of fodder crops, techniques of their sowing, proper time of their sowing and methods of hay making, silage making and regarding wheat treatment of wheat bhusa.Law & Order
Hoshiarpur is a relatively peaceful District as compared to rest of the Punjab. The people here are educated and well aware of all rights and dutiesSoil Conservation & Water Management
Soil and water conservation & Waste Land Development Department, Punjab is entrusted with the responsibility of conserving soil and water which are most important but scarce resources of agricultural production. The total area of the district is 3.89 lacs hectares, out of which about two lacs hectares need various type of soil conservation treatment.
The department is implementing the following schemes in the district:
The problem of soil erosion and water loss is more acute in the kandi area of the district where severe erosion occurred due to undulating topography and erratic behaviour of the rainfall. The total annual rainfall is about 1125 mm but 80% of this rain is received during three months of monsoon. This results in high runoff.
The high velocity aggravates the problem of serious soil erosion. Soil Conservation Programme in kandi region area, therefore, becomes most important to save the fields. Efforts are made to retain maximum rain water and to allow minimum possible rain water to flow by adopting soil conservation techniques such as construction of small check dams, to carry out Gully Reclamation and Drainage Line Treatment works and provide vegetative measures in the middle reaches of the Shivalik Hills.
Under Water Management, the technique of Makkowal Water Harvesting Technology from Perennial flow through underground pipe line, construction of lined pacca masonry channel, Sprinkler Irrigation, Micro Sprinkler Irrigation, Drip Irrigation, Irrigation Guide lines and irrigation from sullage water is adopted to provide more irrigation water to barani area. The Punjab Govt. is providing 25% subsidy on individual water management projects and 100% subsidy is allowed on Makkowal water harvesting Technology and construction of water Harvesting Structures. Inspite of this, 30-35% subsidy is provided to the farmers who are interested to get installed Sprinkler Irrigation, Micro Sprinkler Irrigation and Drip Irrigation System at their fields. Out of this, 90% subsidy is provided by Govt. of India and 10% is provided by Punjab Govt.Rural Water Supply
The water is the basic necessity for the survival of the human beings. The need of the people for clean drinking water is as primary as the need for food. The clean and potable water is very essential for the human beings to lead disease free life. The presence of some chemical and toxic constituents in drinking water more than permissible limits becomes the causes of many disease leading to the misery and suffering of the human race. Hence potable water is very essential to eliminate/mitigate the human sufferings. So the Government of India and various state Government have taken up the task of providing clean and potable water to the people. In the State, Public Health Department has been entrusted with the execution of RURAL WATER SUPPLY SCHEMES to provide safe and potable drinking water to villages where there is acute scarcity of water or water is unfit for drinking purposes. The Govt. of India has started national water supply and sanitation programme. The State of Punjab through Public Health Department has been implementing this programme since its inception. The Govt. of India has laid down the following criteria for
identification of problem facing villages as far as domestic water supply needs are concerned:-
Most of villages of Hoshiarpur district fall in kandi area and mountainous area. Some area of district is fully hilly area like that of Himachal Pradesh. There is acute shortage of drinking water in these areas of the district. The people are solely dependent on water supply schemes being run by Public Health Department. As per the survey carried out in 1980, 1985 and 1992, 1102 villages were identified as scarcity villages having drinking water problems in which either the source of drinking water was more than 1.6 Km/having depth more than 15 mtrs, or the under ground water suffers from excessive salinity, iron, fluorides or other toxic elements hazardous to health.
Out of 1102 identified problem villages of the district 962 villages have been provided with potable water supply up to 31.3.2000. Out of remaining 140 villages potable water supply in 5 villages Pilot project in Mukerian Sub Division is in progress. 39 villages have been proposed to be covered during the year 2000-2001 under MNP/ARP programme on availability of funds and balance 96 scarcity villages work of drinking water supply will be taken in hand on receipt of funds.Education
Hoshiarpur is one of the oldest districts of Punjab. It has a long tradition of educational attainments. The D.A.V. & Singh Sabha movements result in establishments of many educational institutions. On the eve of partition, the Punjab University, Lahore was shifted to Govt. College, Hoshiarpur and remained there till the early sixties when it was shifted to Chandigarh. As a result of this, the district has many luminaries in various fields of society.
Sarve Sikhiya Abhian Scheme
under this scheme this office has received RS. 4, 61,10,300/- from the govt. This amount is to be distributed to the villages Education Development Committees through the Hon' ble Ministers for the repair other maintenance work of govt. Primary School in the distt. Till now in Mukerian Sham churasi and some part of Dasuya Constituency the amount of RS. 8909500/- has been distributed. In this remaining constituencies the amount will be distributed very soon.
Mid Day Mill Scheme
The Govt. has started midi day meal in the Talwara Block in this distt. for these purpose an amount of has been received from the govt. This amount has been sent to the SDM Mukerian and cooked mid day meal amongst the Govt. Pry. School student of Talwara Block will be started very soon.Agriculture Development
Agricultural Production is dependent upon the increase in area sown under different crops, sowing at optimum time and timely applications of essential inputs. It means the increase in production is directly related to area sown under the crops, disease resistant & High yielding variety seed, efficient water management, efficient use of Macro & Micro Nutrients, Control of insect pest & weeds and various other factors. It can rightly be said that increase in production is feasible only through judicious planning based upon accurate data. The statistics given blow can guides up for further advancement and planning for the maximization of AgriculturalProduction.
The total geographical area of district of Hoshiarpur is 340 thousand hectare area. Out of which 205 thousand hectare area is under cultivation. From the cultivated area 147 thousands hectare is under irrigation and 58 thousand hectare is rain fed. Which is mostly fall in Kandi area.
Soil Testing:- Judicious and economic use fertilizer depends upon fertility status of soil which can be measured by analyzing/Soil Testing. Three soil testing labs. in Distt. Hoshiarpur are working at Hoshiarpur, Garhshankar & Mukerian
Bee-Keeping: Bee Keeping as a village industry is of immense importance. It
provide self employment to the Agricultural Labourer and side business for the Small and Marginal farmers. It also helps in increasing the yield of crops through cross pollination especially oilseed, fruit trees and vegetables. The Hoshiarpur district being a sub-mountain and Kandi area has sufficient fauna and flora which is pre-requisite for Bee-Keeping industry.
Necessary training is provided by the Department of Agriculture free of cost to the beneficiaries. The technical know how is imparted to the farmer to increase agricultural production farmers training camps have been organised at different level.Industry
Hoshiarpur district lies in the North-East corner of the State in the feet of Shivalik Hills surrounded by District Gurdaspur, Kapurthala, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr of Punjab and Una district of Himachal Pradesh. Agriculture is the main occupation of the rural masses., The land falling in the right of the Ropar-Pathankot road is called Kandi Area and most of the land is un-irrigated. Agriculture mainly depends upon rainfall. Though many small dams have come up in the district, but still agriculture is badly affected by choes. The land holding of farming sector is reducing day by day. A few of the rural harijan folks and urban entrepreneurs have taken industrial activities in cottage and small scale sector, but the rural skilled youth follows the trend to go abroad to seek employment. But this trend is on the decline now due to various gainful self-employment schemes of the Govt. Many such schemes are implemented through department of Industries from time to time under these development programmes.
During the year 1971, Hoshiarpur District was declared industrially backward by the Central Govt. Consequently, several incentives such asliberal financial assistance, concessional rate of interest and 15 % extra capital subsidy were announced by the Govt. During some period the State Govt. had set up an Industrial Focal Point at Hoshiarpur. Many developmental schemes were formulated, keeping in view the demand of the area, local skill, availability of raw material. For providing more facilities to the entrepreneurs by the Department of Industries, Punjab as under :-
With continuous efforts as well as State Govt.'s liberal policies, S.S.I and large & medium scale units have generated a large employment investment. Due to wide spread awareness of the entrepreneurs, Development of small scale sector is picking up at uniform rate among all blocks of the district compared to their earlier trend of concentration only in the selected blocks of Hoshiarpur-I, Hoshiarpur-II, Mukerian, Tanda, most of the units of Rosin and Turpentine, powerlooms, handlooms, agriculture implements etc. are located in the close proximity of Hoshiarpur city.Handicrafts Sector
Hoshiarpur district is famous for its traditional wooden handicrafts, ivory and plastic inlay works. There are more than 125 such small units and 8 lacure ware units in the district. All India Handicrafts Board has its office in Hoshiarpur for development of this sector.Export
Large and Medium, S.S.I. and handicrafts sector has been jointly contributing to export of their manufactured goods to various countries such as U.S.A., U.K., Canada, Singapore and many Middle East countries.
Agriculture based industries such as paper industries, oil industries, Sugar mills, packing industries are the thrust industries of the district using Sunflower seeds, Sugar cane as basic raw material available in abundance.
The District Industries Centre, Hoshiarpur is also implementing the Govt. of India schemes meant to provide employment opportunities to educated & trained youth in the Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana ( PMRY).P.M.R.Y. Scheme
At district level Distt. Industries Centre along with bank is responsible for the implementation of this scheme. Under this scheme loan facility is provided for self employment to the minimum education qualification of 8th passed youth between the age group of 18-35 years in general, with 10 years relaxation for SC/STs, ex-servicemen, physically handicapped and women. For the year 2000-2001, this district was allocated a target of 600 cases against which DIC sponsored 1130 cases to banks. 675 cases have been sanctioned and 602 cases have been disbursed.
Loan for Rs. 1.00 lac for business sector and Rs. 2.00 lacs for other activities is made available under this scheme. Two or more eligible persons can also join together in a partnership shape and projects up to 10.00 lacs are covered. Assistance shall be limited to individual admissibility. Subsidy will be limited to 15% of the project cost subject to ceiling of Rs. 7500/-. Banks will be allowed to take margin money from 5% to 16.25 % of the project. Training to all the beneficiaries is also imparted for 10 to 20 days duration.